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Beijing China History

Beijing is a famous capital of the world-known country. 19,72 million people live here, and every year three- to five-star Beijing hotels meet a huge number of tourists and vacationers from the different places. There is enough space for each of the guests. Choose one of the comfortable hotels in this city, most of which have the standard and additional set of service, and have a wonderful stay.

From the 5th to 3rd centuries BC, where now is the capital of China was the city of Ji. It was the capital of the Yan kingdom, which in the same time was one of the Warring States. When Tang dynasty ruled on the territory, he headquarters of the military governor Fanyang appeared there. In the 10th century, the territory was given to the Khitan Liao Dynasty, which made it the second capital of the state.

The town was named Nanjing (the Southern Capital). In the 12th century Liao territory was annexed to Jurchen Jin Dynasty, who renamed Nanjing in Zhongdu (Central Capital). In the 13th century, Zhongdu was burned by the Mongols and then re-built close to the north. Yuan Kublai Khan made the capital of city and named it Dadu (the Great Capital). Soon Khan Dynasty fell and the city was destroyed.

In 1403, it was rebuilt and the ruler was Ming Dynasty. The city became the capital of China, and was named by Yongle Emperor Beijing. During the reign of the Ming Dynasty, Beijing was something like what we see it today. At the beginning of the 15th century, on this area was built “the Forbidden City” (the residence of Chinese Emperors). "Gate of Heavenly Peace" the entrance to “the Forbidden City” became a true symbol of the Chinese republic. After the overthrow of the Ming Dynasty in China, Qing Dynasty started to rule.

In 1860, the French and the British destroyed Summer Palace, and in 1900, the city was under the power of the Western armies. In 1911, there was the Xinhai Revolution, as the result Qing Dynasty was overthrown. The bourgeoisie has proclaimed republic of China, whose president was the Yuan Shikai. In 1915, he declared China as Empire, and he became Emperor. Soon after his death, China was divided into separate regions.

All this is already in the past. Nowadays, it is the largest megalopolis of the world. It looks into the future, but does not forget its history. There are many skyscrapers of various shapes, modern Beijing hotels; they offer a restaurant, bar, beauty salon, sauna, conference hall, discotheque, laundry service, valet, business center and much more. It is a glorious place, where the guests have an opportunity to feel the ancient history while being at present.

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